19 Aug Thu, 20th Week in Ordinary Time. St John Eudes, Priest

8/18/2021 2:16:47 PM
Jdg. 11:29-39 / Ps. 39:5,7-9,10 / Mt. 22:1-14 (Ps Wk IV)

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Parables cannot be transferred from their original setting to ordinary life; otherwise, there is a danger that their interpretation will be at variance with Jesus' intention and give rise to erroneous applications.

This is true in a special way about the parable which we read today. It is specifically about "the Kingdom of God": "The Kingdom of Heaven is like...". This Kingdom is not about any system of wages or labour rules.

It is the eternity of divine love and freedom. God has created us, this human race, with its mysterious and quite disorientating range of saints and sinners. Saint Augustine reminds us that any question of the form: "why did God...?" can only be answered by the single word "love".

This is because we cannot read the mind of God apart from what is revealed to us in the Incarnation of Jesus and the consequent Scriptures (see Jn 3:16). In the Scriptures, we find an even more mysterious answer to everything: "God is love".

With the grace of God, we can interiorise this statement, but on this side of heaven, we are not capable of fully understanding its eternal and divine depths.

Hence any reduction of this parable to approve or disapprove of any socio-economic practice is far from the mark. However, the parable reminds us that all human justice systems are merely faint shadows of the only true justice, namely divine justice, a fruit of divine love.

Make me grasp the way of Your precepts, and I will muse on Your wonders!   

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8月19日 ( 四 ) 常年期第二十週

民長紀 11:29-39
聖詠 40[39]:5,7-8,8-9,10
瑪竇福音 22:1-14

不正確的宗教觀念使人心偏離正軌,給世界帶來悲劇!依弗大根本永遠都不應該發誓。依弗大向天主許願,因為他對天主的觀念不正確:他以為天主會偏幫進行殘忍戰事的某一方!牽連人命的誓言,又是源於一個錯誤與野蠻的觀念!每一個以色列人都應該知道,人祭根本違反天主的誡命:「毋殺人」;且往往禍及無辜。在今天的故事,受害人是位純潔、無力保護自己的未婚少女。表面上,她心甘情願助父親償還他所許的願,但亦難以彌補依弗大的罪孽。

誓言雖然已經許下了,但始終永遠不應該履行。如果依弗大真的全心渴望光榮天主,他的良心會讓他知悉如此魯莽、不顧後果的不義誓言,只會違背天主,跟天主愈走愈遠。可惜,人是多麼的盲目和冷血!

這個悲劇為我們有何啟示?明顯地,這類悲劇永遠不可以再在人類歷史中重演。所有連累無辜的野蠻暴行都必須滅絕。

主,願銘刻在我們心坎的,永遠只有祢的公義和慈愛。

(theology.org.hk)
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